Rezā Shāh

Monarch

1878 – 1944

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Who was Rezā Shāh?

Rezā Shāh Pahlavi, was the Shah of the Imperial State of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.

In 1925, Reza Shah deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty, and founded the Pahlavi dynasty. He established a constitutional monarchy that lasted until overthrown in 1979 during the Iranian Revolution. Reza Shah introduced many social, economic, and political reforms during his reign, ultimately laying the foundation of the modern Iranian state.

His legacy remains controversial to this day: his defenders assert that he was an essential modernizing force for Iran (whose international prominence had sharply declined during Qajar rule), while his detractors assert that his reign was often despotic, with his failure to modernize Iran's large peasant population eventually sowing the seeds for the Iranian Revolution. Moreover, his insistence on ethnic nationalism and cultural unitarism along with forced detribalization and sedentarization resulted in suppression of several ethnic and social groups.

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Born
Mar 15, 1878
Alasht
Also known as
  • Rezā Shāh Pahlavi
  • Rezā Khan
Parents
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Shia Islam
  • Islam
  • Sunni Islam
  • Zoroastrianism
Nationality
  • Iran
Profession
Died
Jul 26, 1944
Johannesburg
Resting place
Reza Shah's mausoleum

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Rezā Shāh." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 8 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/reza_shah>.

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