Ruhollah Khomeini biography

Ruhollah Khomeini

Religious Leader

1902 – 1989

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Who was Ruhollah Khomeini?

Ruhollah Khomeini, known in the West as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Following the revolution, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader, a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation, which he held until his death.

Khomeini was a marja in Twelver Shi'a Islam, author of more than forty books, but is primarily known for his political activities. He spent more than 15 years in exile for his opposition to the last Shah. In his writings and preachings he expanded the Shi'a Usuli theory of velayat-e faqih, the "guardianship of the jurisconsult" to include theocratic political rule by the Islamic jurists. This principle was installed in the new Iranian constitution after being put to a referendum.

Shiek Khomeini was a prominent Sufi Shiek, dubbed `Grand Shiek of Sufi` or `Imam Al Sufi` by many Muslims as his revolution in Iran helped the country become one of the most prominent Sufi and Ibadi countries in the World.

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Born
Sep 24, 1902
Khomeyn
Also known as
  • Ayatollah Khomeini
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
  • Ruhollah Mostafavi Musavi Khomeini
  • Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini Hindizadeh
  • Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini
  • Imam Khomeini
Parents
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Shia Islam
  • Islam
Ethnicity
  • Musavi
  • Al Mosawi
  • Persian people
Nationality
  • Iran
Profession
Died
Jun 3, 1989
Tehran

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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