Sam Houston

U.S. Congressperson

1793 – 1863

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Who was Sam Houston?

Samuel "Sam" Houston was a nineteenth-century American statesman, politician, and soldier. He is best known for his leadership in bringing Texas into the United States.

Houston was born at Timber Ridge Plantation in Rockbridge County of Virginia, of Scots-Irish descent. Houston became a key figure in the history of Texas and was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as a governor of the state. He refused to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 with the outbreak of the American Civil War, and was removed from office. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the Civil War.

His earlier life included migration to Tennessee from Virginia, time spent with the Cherokee Nation, military service in the War of 1812, and successful participation in Tennessee politics. In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee as a Jacksonian. In 1829, Houston resigned as governor and relocated to Arkansas Territory. In 1832, Houston was involved in an altercation with a U.S. Congressman, followed by a high-profile trial.

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Born
Mar 2, 1793
Rockbridge County
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Baptists
Ethnicity
  • Scottish American
  • Scotch-Irish American
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Lived in
  • Virginia
Died
Jul 26, 1863
Huntsville

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Sam Houston." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 7 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/sam_houston>.

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