Satyajit Ray biography

Satyajit Ray

Film director

1921 – 1992

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Who was Satyajit Ray?

Satyajit Ray was an Indian filmmaker, regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of world cinema. Ray was born in the city of Calcutta into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and literature. Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica's Italian neorealist 1948 film Bicycle Thieves during a visit to London.

Ray directed 36 films, including feature films, documentaries and shorts. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, calligrapher, graphic designer and film critic. He authored several short stories and novels, primarily aimed at children and adolescents. Feluda, the sleuth, and Professor Shonku, the scientist in his science fiction stories, are popular fictional characters created by him.

Ray's first film, Pather Panchali, won eleven international prizes, including Best Human Documentary at the Cannes Film Festival. This film, Aparajito, and Apur Sansar form The Apu Trilogy. Ray did the scripting, casting, scoring, and editing, and designed his own credit titles and publicity material. Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a number of awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Award in 1992. The Government of India honoured him with the Bharat Ratna in 1992.

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Born
May 2, 1921
Kolkata
Also known as
  • Ray, Satyajit
  • Manik
  • God
  • Ray
Parents
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Hinduism
Ethnicity
  • Indian people
Nationality
  • India
Profession
Education
  • Visva-Bharati University
  • Bachelor of Arts, Presidency College, Kolkata
    Economics
  • Ballygunge Government High School
Lived in
  • Kolkata
Died
Apr 23, 1992
Kolkata

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Satyajit Ray." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 30 Jul 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/satyajit_ray>.

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