Sigmund Freud biography

Sigmund Freud

Philosopher, Physician

1856 – 1939

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Who was Sigmund Freud?

Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis.

Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at the Vienna General Hospital. He was appointed a university lecturer in neuropathology in 1885 and became a professor in 1902.

In creating psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud’s redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus Complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of his own and his patients' dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the mechanisms of repression as well as for elaboration of his theory of the unconscious as an agency disruptive of conscious states of mind. Freud postulated the existence of libido, an energy with which mental process and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive, the source of repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt. In his later work Freud drew on psychoanalytic theory to develop a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.

Famous Quotes:

  • Most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people are frightened of responsibility.
  • Children are completely egoistic; they feel their needs intensely and strive ruthlessly to satisfy them.
  • The analytic psychotherapist thus has a threefold battle to wage -- in his own mind against the forces which seek to drag him down from the analytic level; outside the analysis, against opponents who dispute the importance he attaches to the sexual instinctual forces and hinder him from making use of them in his scientific technique; and inside the analysis, against his patients, who at first behave like opponents but later on reveal the overvaluation of sexual life which dominates them, and who try to make him captive to their socially untamed passion.
  • From error to error, one discovers the entire truth.
  • Woe to you, my Princess, when I come... you shall see who is the stronger, a gentle little girl who doesn't eat enough or a big wild man who has cocaine in his body.
  • By abolishing private property one takes away the human love of aggression.
  • The expectation that every neurotic phenomenon can be cured may, I suspect, be derived from the layman's belief that the neuroses are something quite unnecessary which have no right whatever to exist. Whereas in fact they are severe, constitutionally fixed illnesses, which rarely restrict themselves to only a few attacks but persist as a rule over long periods throughout life.
  • Civilization is a process in the service of Eros, whose purpose is to combine single human individuals, and after that families, then races, peoples and nations, into one great unity, the unity of mankind. Why this has to happen, we do not know; the work of Eros is precisely this.
  • Anatomy is destiny.
  • The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is What does a woman want?

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"Sigmund Freud." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 28 Oct. 2020. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/sigmund_freud>.


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Born
May 6, 1856
Příbor
Also known as
  • Sigismund Schlomo Freud
  • Freud
  • Sigismund Frances Freud
  • Dr. Sigmund Freud
  • Сигизмунд Шломо Фрейд
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Atheism
  • Judaism
Ethnicity
  • Jewish people
  • Ashkenazi Jews
  • Austrian Jews
Nationality
  • Austria
Profession
Education
  • Doctor of Medicine, University of Vienna
    Medicine
    ( - 1881)
Employment
  • University of Vienna
Lived in
  • Austria
  • Vienna
Died
Sep 23, 1939
London

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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