Umar

Politician, Military Person

0579 – 0644

54 Views

Who was Umar?

'Umar, also spelled Omar, was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history. He was a sahābi of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Caliph Abu Bakr as the second Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634. He was an expert Islamic jurist and is best known for his pious and just nature, which earned him the title Al-Faruq. He is sometimes referred to as Caliph 'Umar I by historians of Islam, since a later Umayyad caliph, 'Umar II, also bore that name.

Under Umar the Islamic empire expanded at an unprecedented rate ruling the whole Sassanid Persian Empire and more than two thirds of the Eastern Roman Empire. His attacks against the Sassanid Persian Empire resulted in the conquest of the Persian empire in less than two years. It was Umar, according to Jewish tradition, who set aside the Christian ban on Jews and allowed Jews into Jerusalem and to worship.

We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Citation

Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"Umar." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 9 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/umar>.

Discuss this Umar biography with the community:

0 Comments


    Browse Biographies.net