Veniamin Fleishman


1913 – 1941


Who was Veniamin Fleishman?

Veniamin Iosifovich Fleishman, was a Soviet composer.

While studying under Dmitri Shostakovich at the Leningrad Conservatory, he began a one-act opera Rothschild's Violin based on Anton Chekhov’s short story about Bronza, a Russian country coffin-maker and violinist, and his combative relationship with the Jewish musicians in his village.

At the outbreak of World War II, Fleishman volunteered for the front and was killed before he could complete the work. In memory of his talented student, Shostakovich rescued the manuscript from besieged Leningrad, finished it and orchestrated it in 1943-1944. Shostakovich dated his completion of the score February 5, 1944. Later, he exerted influence so that the opera should be published and performed.

The opera's World Premiere concert performance took place on June 20, 1960, at the USSR Union of Composers, Moscow with the soloists and members of the Moscow Philharmonic Society. The opera was first staged in April 1968, Leningrad, at the Experimental Studio of Chamber Opera. The artistic director was Solomon Volkov, and the conductor Yuri Kochnev.

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Jul 20, 1913
  • Saint Petersburg Conservatory
Sep 14, 1941
Krasnoye Selo

on July 23, 2013


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