Franklin D. Roosevelt

US President

1882 – 1945

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Who was Franklin D. Roosevelt?

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known by his initials FDR, was the 32nd President of the United States. He served for 12 years and four terms, and was the only president ever to serve more than eight years. He was a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. A dominant leader of the Democratic Party, he built a New Deal Coalition that realigned American politics after 1932, as his New Deal domestic policies defined American liberalism for the middle third of the 20th century.

With the bouncy popular song "Happy Days Are Here Again" as his campaign theme, FDR defeated incumbent Republican Herbert Hoover in November 1932, at the depth of the Great Depression. Energized by his personal victory over polio, FDR's persistent optimism and activism contributed to a renewal of the national spirit. Assisted by key aide Harry Hopkins, he worked closely with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in leading the Allies against Nazi Germany and Japan in World War II. The war ended the depression and restored prosperity.

Famous Quotes:

  • Remember, remember always that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists.
  • The moment a mere numerical superiority by either states or voters in this country proceeds to ignore the needs and desires of the minority, and for their own selfish purpose or advancement, hamper or oppress that minority, or debar them in any way from equal privileges and equal rights -- that moment will mark the failure of our constitutional system.
  • Perfectionism, no less than isolationism or imperialism or power politics, may obstruct the paths to international peace. Let us not forget that the retreat to isolationism a quarter of a century ago was started not by a direct attack against international cooperation but against the alleged imperfections of the peace.
  • These unhappy times call for the building of plans that build from the bottom up and not from the top down, that put their faith once more in the forgotten man at the bottom of the economic pyramid.
  • War is a contagion.
  • I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished.
  • True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.
  • An election cannot give a country a firm sense of direction if it has two or more national parties which merely have different names, but are as alike in their principals and aims as two peas in the same pod.
  • We have here a human as well as an economic problem. When humane considerations are concerned, Americans give them precedence. The lessons of history, confirmed by the evidence immediately before me, show conclusively that continued dependence upon relief induces a spiritual and moral disintegration fundamentally destructive to the national fibre. To dole out relief in this way is to administer a narcotic, a subtle destroyer of the human spirit.
  • I have no expectation of making a hit every time I come to bat.

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Born
Jan 30, 1882
Hyde Park
Also known as
  • FDR
  • Franklin D. Rossevelt
  • Franklin D Roosevelt
  • Franklin Roosevelt
  • Houdini In the White House
  • That Man In the White House
  • The Sphinx
  • The Squire of Hyde Park
  • Delano Roosevelt
  • President Roosevelt
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Episcopal Church
  • Protestantism
Ethnicity
  • French American
  • Dutch-American
  • Caucasian race
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Groton School
    ( - 1900)
  • Columbia Law School
    (1904 - 1907)
  • Harvard College
Employment
  • President, Federal government of the United States
Died
Apr 12, 1945
Warm Springs
Resting place
Hyde Park

Submitted
on July 23, 2013