Martha Bernays

Person Or Being In Fiction

1861 – 1951

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Who was Martha Bernays?

Martha Bernays was the wife of Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.

Bernays was the second daughter of Emmeline and Berman Bernays. Her paternal grandfather Isaac Bernays was a Chief Rabbi of Hamburg. Sigmund Freud and Bernays met in April 1882 and after a four year engagement they got married on 14 September 1886 in Hamburg.

Freud and Bernays’s love letters sent during the engagement years, according to Freud's official biographer Ernest Jones, who read all the letters, "would be a not unworthy contribution to the great love literature of the world." Freud and Bernays had six children: Mathilde, Jean-Martin, Oliver, Ernst, Sophie, and Anna. Bernays’s younger sister, Minna Bernays, is known to be one of Sigmund’s friends – it has also been speculated that she was Freud's mistress. This claim was controversial at first but the publication of a hotel log has prompted some Freud scholars, including his defender Peter Gay, to regard the conjecture of Freud and Minna having an affair as probably accurate.

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Born
Jul 26, 1861
Hamburg
Also known as
  • Μάρθα Φρόυντ
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Austrian Jews
  • Jewish people
  • German Jews
Nationality
  • Germany
Died
Nov 2, 1951
London

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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"Martha Bernays." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 12 Jun 2024. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/martha_bernays>.

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