Ravi Shankar

Hindustani classical music, Musical Artist

1920 – 2012

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Who was Ravi Shankar?

Ravi Shankar, his name often preceded by the title Pandit, was an Indian musician who was one of the best-known exponents of the sitar in the second half of the 20th century as well as a composer of Hindustani classical music.

Shankar was born in Varanasi and spent his youth touring Europe and India with the dance group of his brother Uday Shankar. He gave up dancing in 1938 to study sitar playing under court musician Allauddin Khan. After finishing his studies in 1944, Shankar worked as a composer, creating the music for the Apu Trilogy by Satyajit Ray, and was music director of All India Radio, New Delhi, from 1949 to 1956.

In 1956, he began to tour Europe and the Americas playing Indian classical music and increased its popularity there in the 1960s through teaching, performance, and his association with violinist Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison of the Beatles. Shankar engaged Western music by writing concerti for sitar and orchestra and toured the world in the 1970s and 1980s. From 1986 to 1992 he served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of the Parliament of India. In 1999, Shankar was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna. He continued to perform up until the end of his life.

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Born
Apr 7, 1920
Varanasi
Also known as
  • Pandit Ravi Shankar
  • Ravi Shakar
  • pandit
  • Robindro Shaunkor Chowdhury
  • Ravi Shanker
  • Pandit Ravishankar
  • Pt. Ravi Shankar
  • Robindra Shankar Chowdhury
  • Ravi Shankar, KBE
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Hinduism
Ethnicity
  • Bengali Brahmins
Nationality
  • India
Profession
Employment
  • All India Radio
  • Founder, Kinnara School of Music
Lived in
  • Varanasi
  • Maihar
  • Encinitas
Died
Dec 11, 2012
Encinitas

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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