Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle biography

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle

Politician

1693 – 1768

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Who was Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle?

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG, PC was a British Whig statesman, whose official life extended throughout the Whig supremacy of the 18th century. He is commonly known as the Duke of Newcastle.

A protégé of Sir Robert Walpole, he served under him for more than twenty years, until 1742. He held power with his brother, Henry Pelham, until 1754. He had at this point served as a Secretary of State continuously for thirty years—dominating British foreign policy.

After Henry's death the Duke held his late brother's position for six years, in two separate periods. While his first premiership was not particularly notable, Newcastle precipitated the Seven Years' War, which would cause his resignation from his high position.After his second term as Prime Minister, he served for a short while in Lord Rockingham's ministry, before retiring from government.

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Born
Jul 21, 1693
London
Siblings
Spouses
Nationality
  • United Kingdom
Education
  • Clare College, Cambridge
  • Westminster School
Lived in
  • London
Died
Nov 17, 1768
Lincoln's Inn Fields

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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