Charles Darwin

Biologist

1809 – 1882

67 Views

Who was Charles Darwin?

Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species. By the 1870s the scientific community and much of the general public had accepted evolution as a fact. However, many favored competing explanations and it was not until the emergence of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s that a broad consensus developed in which natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. In modified form, Darwin's scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, explaining the diversity of life. Darwin's early interest in nature led him to neglect his medical education at the University of Edinburgh; instead, he helped to investigate marine invertebrates. Studies at the University of Cambridge encouraged his passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell's uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author.

We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Born
Feb 12, 1809
Shrewsbury, England
Profession
Died
Apr 19, 1882
Downe, England

Submitted by AgentAtwood
on December 10, 2018

Citation

Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"Charles Darwin." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 3 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/biography/charles-darwin/b/07242bb3>.

Discuss this Charles Darwin biography with the community:

0 Comments


    Browse Biographies.net