George Herbert Walker Bush biography

George Herbert Walker Bush

1924 – 2018

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Who was George Herbert Walker Bush?

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd vice president from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, Bush also served in the U.S. House of Representatives, as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and as Director of Central Intelligence. Until his son George W. Bush became the 43rd president in 2001, he was usually known as George Bush.

Bush postponed his university studies after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, enlisted in the Navy on his 18th birthday, and became one of its youngest aviators. He served until September 1945, and then attended Yale University, graduating in 1948. He moved his family to West Texas where he entered the oil business and became a millionaire by the age of 40 in 1964. After founding his own oil company, Bush was defeated in his first run for the United States Senate in 1964, but won election to the House of Representatives from Texas's 7th congressional district in 1966. He was reelected in 1968 but was defeated for election to the Senate in 1970. In 1971, President Richard Nixon appointed Bush as Ambassador to the United Nations, and he became Chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1973. The following year, President Gerald Ford appointed him Chief of the Liaison Office in China and later made him the Director of Central Intelligence. Bush ran for president in 1980, but was defeated in the Republican primary by Ronald Reagan. He was then elected vice president in 1980 and 1984 as Reagan's running mate. During his eight-year tenure as vice president, Bush headed task forces on deregulation and the War on Drugs.

In 1988, Bush defeated Democratic opponent Michael Dukakis, becoming the first incumbent vice president to be elected president in 152 years. Foreign policy drove the Bush presidency; military operations were conducted in Panama and the Persian Gulf, the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, and the Soviet Union dissolved two years later. Bush also signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which created a trade bloc consisting of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Domestically, Bush reneged on a 1988 campaign promise by signing a bill that increased taxes. He lost the 1992 presidential election to Democrat Bill Clinton following an economic recession and the decreased importance of foreign policy in a post–Cold War political climate.

After leaving office in 1993, Bush was active in humanitarian activities; he often worked alongside Clinton, his former opponent. With George W. Bush's victory in the 2000 presidential election, Bush and his son became the second father–son pair to serve as president (following John Adams and John Quincy Adams). At the time of his death, he was the longest-lived president in U.S. history, a record surpassed by Jimmy Carter on March 22, 2019.

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"George Herbert Walker Bush." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 19 Jan. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/biography/george-herbert-walker-bush/b/fc506689>.


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Born
Jun 12, 1924
Milton, MA, USA
Also known as
  • Skin
Parents
  • Prescott Bush
  • Dorothy Walker
Siblings
  • Prescott Jr.
  • Nancy Ellis
  • Jonathan Bush
  • William Bush
Spouses
  • Barbara Pierce
    (1945 - 2018)
Children
  • George W. Bush
  • Pauline Bush
  • John Bush
  • Neil Bush
  • Marvin Bush
  • Dorothy Koch
Religion
  • Evangelical Christian
Ethnicity
  • German
  • French
  • Scottish
  • Belgian
  • English
  • Dutch
  • Irish
  • Welsh
  • Swedish
Nationality
  • United States
Profession
Education
  • Phillips Academy
    (Specialized in Military)
    (1938 - )
Employment
  • Naval Aviator, United States Navy
    (1943/06 - 1943/09)
  • Torpedo Squadron 51 (VT-51) Photographic Officer, United States Navy
    (1943/09 - )
  • USS San Jacinto, member of Air Group 51, United States Navy
Lived in
  • Massachusetts, USA
Died
Nov 30, 2018
Houston, TX, USA

Submitted
on August 08, 2019

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