Abū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī
Scientist, Deceased Person
0828 – 0896
Who was Abū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī?
Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawarī was a Muslim polymath excelling as much in astronomy, agriculture, botany and metallurgy and as he did in geography, mathematics and history. He was born in the region of Dinawar, halfway between Hamadan and Kermanshah in modern-day western Iran. He studied astronomy, mathematics and mechanics in Isfahan and philology and poetry in Kufa and Basra. He died on July 24, 896 at Dinawar. His most renowned contribution is Book of Plants, for which he is considered the founder of Arabic botany. He also wrote a book on the ancestry of the Kurds titled Ansab al-Akrad. There is no consensus regarding his ethnic background among scholars. Ludwig Adamec considers him to be of Kurdish descent, while Encyclopedia of Islam classifies him as an Arab philologist and scientist, however, Encyclopaedia Iranica lists him as Persian.
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