Alexander Hamilton biography

Alexander Hamilton

U.S. Congressperson

1757 – 1804

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Who was Alexander Hamilton?

Alexander Hamilton was a Founding Father of the United States, chief of staff to General Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the Constitution, the founder of the nation's financial system, and the founder of the first American political party.

As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the primary author of the economic policies of the George Washington administration, especially the funding of the state debts by the Federal government, the establishment of a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. He became the leader of the Federalist Party, created largely in support of his views, and was opposed by the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

Hamilton served in the American Revolutionary War. At the start of the war, he organized an artillery company and was chosen as its captain. He later became the senior aide-de-camp and confidant to General George Washington, the American commander-in-chief. He served again under Washington in the army raised to defeat the Whiskey Rebellion, a tax revolt of western farmers in 1794. In 1798, Hamilton called for mobilization against France after the XYZ Affair and secured an appointment as commander of a new army, which he trained for a war. However, the Quasi-War, although hard-fought at sea, was never officially declared. In the end, President John Adams found a diplomatic solution that avoided war.

Famous Quotes:

  • We must make the best of those ills which cannot be avoided.
  • A national debt, if it is not excessive, will be to us a national blessing.
  • In the main it will be found that a power over a mans support [salary] is a power over his will.
  • The system is the best that the present views and circumstances of the country will permit.
  • Men give me credit for some genius. All the genius I have is this. When I have a subject in mind. I study it profoundly. Day and night it is before me. My mind becomes pervaded with it... the effort which I have made is what people are pleased to call the fruit of genius. It is the fruit of labor and thought.
  • In the usual progress of things, the necessities of a nation in every stage of its existence will be found at least equal to its resources.
  • Power over a man's subsistence amounts to power over his will.
  • Such a wife as I want... must be young, handsome I lay most stress upon a good shape, sensible a little learning will do, well-bread, chaste, and tender. As to religion, a moderate stock will satisfy me. She must believe in God and hate a saint.
  • Your people, sir, is nothing but a great beast!
  • Real firmness is good for anything; strut is good for nothing.

Citation

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"Alexander Hamilton." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 28 Nov. 2020. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/alexander_hamilton>.


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Born
Jan 11, 1757
Charlestown
Parents
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Episcopal Church
  • Christian
Ethnicity
  • Scottish American
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Columbia College of Columbia University in the City of New York
Employment
  • Bank of New York
Died
Jul 12, 1804
New York City

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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