Alexander the Great biography

Alexander the Great

Military Commander

2021 – 2021

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Who was Alexander the Great?

Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history's most successful commanders.

Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne in 336 BC after Philip was assassinated. Upon Philip's death, Alexander inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. He was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's military expansion plans. In 334 BC, he invaded Achaemenid- ruled Asia Minor and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew the Persian King Darius III and conquered the entirety of the Persian Empire. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.

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"Alexander the Great." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 25 Jan. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/alexander_the_great>.


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Born
Jan 25, 2021
Pella
Also known as
  • Alexander III of Macedon
  • Basileus of Macedon
  • Hegemon of the Hellenic League
  • Shahanshah of Persia
  • Pharaoh of Egypt
  • Lord of Asia
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Religion in ancient Greece
Ethnicity
  • Greeks
Nationality
  • Macedonia
Died
Jan 25, 2021
Babylon

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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