Alexandru Macedonski

Novelist, Politician

1854 – 1920

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Who was Alexandru Macedonski?

Alexandru Macedonski was a Wallachian-born Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades. A forerunner of local modernist literature, he is the first local author to have used free verse, and claimed by some to have been the first in modern European literature. Within the framework of Romanian literature, Macedonski is seen by critics as second only to national poet Mihai Eminescu; as leader of a cosmopolitan and aestheticist trend formed around his Literatorul journal, he was diametrically opposed to the inward-looking traditionalism of Eminescu and his school.

Debuting as a Neoromantic in the Wallachian tradition, Macedonski went through the Realist-Naturalist stage deemed "social poetry", while progressively adapting his style to Symbolism and Parnassianism, and repeatedly but unsuccessfully attempting to impose himself in the Francophone world.

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Born
Mar 14, 1854
Bucharest
Also known as
  • Alexandru A. Macedonski
  • Duna
  • Luciliu
  • Sallustiu
  • Мачедонски, Александру
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • Romania
  • Wallachia
Profession
Education
  • Carol I National College
    ( - 1867)
Lived in
  • Bucharest
Died
Nov 24, 1920
Bucharest

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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