Aristotle

Philosopher, Author

1969 – 2019

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Who was Aristotle?

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates, Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing ethics, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics.

Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian physics. In the zoological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic.

In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as 'المعلم الأول' – "The First Teacher".

Famous Quotes:

  • We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act by a habit.
  • Nor was civil society founded merely to preserve the lives of its members; but that they might live well: for otherwise a state might be composed of slaves, or the animal creation... nor is it an alliance mutually to defend each other from injuries, or for a commercial intercourse. But whosoever endeavors to establish wholesome laws in a state, attends to the virtues and vices of each individual who composes it; from whence it is evident, that the first care of him who would found a city, truly deserving that name, and not nominally so, must be to have his citizens virtuous.
  • Melancholy men are of all others the most witty.
  • The least initial deviation from the truth is multiplied later a thousandfold.
  • The soul never thinks without a picture.
  • What the statesman is most anxious to produce is a certain moral character in his fellow citizens, namely a disposition to virtue and the performance of virtuous actions.
  • Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the art of living well.
  • The true end of tragedy is to purify the passions.
  • In poverty and other misfortunes of life, true friends are a sure refuge. The young they keep out of mischief; to the old they are a comfort and aid in their weakness, and those in the prime of life they incite to noble deeds.
  • Friendship is essentially a partnership.

Citation

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"Aristotle." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 7 Dec. 2019. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/aristotle>.


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Born
Dec 31, 1969
Stagira
Also known as
  • Aristote
  • Aristotélēs
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Greeks
Nationality
  • Greece
Profession
Education
  • Platonic Academy
    (-0366 - -0346)
Died
Dec 7, 2019
Chalcis

Submitted
on July 23, 2013