B. R. Ambedkar
1891 – 1956
Who was B. R. Ambedkar?
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist. A revivalist for Buddhism in India, he inspired the Modern Buddhist movement. As independent India's first law minister, he was principal architect of the Constitution of India.
Born into a poor Mahar family, Ambedkar campaigned against social discrimination, the Indian caste system. He converted to Buddhism and is also credited with providing a spark for the conversion of hundreds of thousands of lower caste members to Buddhism. Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1990. Eventually earning a law degree and doctorates for his study and research in law, economics and political science from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, Ambedkar gained a reputation as a scholar and practised law for a few years, later campaigning by publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for India's untouchables.
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- Apr 14, 1891
- Also known as
- Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
- University of London
- Bachelor of Arts, Elphinstone College
(1908 - 1912)
- Political Science
- M.A., Columbia University
(1913 - 1915/06)
- Master of Science, London School of Economics
(1916/10 - 1922)
- Lived in
- Dec 6, 1956