B. R. Ambedkar

Politician

1891 – 1956

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Who was B. R. Ambedkar?

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist. A revivalist for Buddhism in India, he inspired the Modern Buddhist movement. As independent India's first law minister, he was principal architect of the Constitution of India.

Born into a poor Mahar family, Ambedkar campaigned against social discrimination, the Indian caste system. He converted to Buddhism and is also credited with providing a spark for the conversion of hundreds of thousands of lower caste members to Buddhism. Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1990. Eventually earning a law degree and doctorates for his study and research in law, economics and political science from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, Ambedkar gained a reputation as a scholar and practised law for a few years, later campaigning by publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for India's untouchables.

He is regarded as a Bodhisattva by some Indian Buddhists, though he never claimed it himself.

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Born
Apr 14, 1891
Mhow
Also known as
  • Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
  • Babasaheb
Parents
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • India
Profession
Education
  • University of London
  • Bachelor of Arts, Elphinstone College
    Economics
    (1908 - 1912)
  • Political Science
  • M.A., Columbia University
    Economics
    (1913 - 1915/06)
  • Master of Science, London School of Economics
    Economics
    (1916/10 - 1922)
Lived in
  • Maharashtra
  • Indore
  • Vadodara
Died
Dec 6, 1956
Delhi

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