Camille Jordan biography

Camille Jordan

Mathematician, Academic

1838 – 1922

14 Views

Who was Camille Jordan?

Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan was a French mathematician, known both for his foundational work in group theory and for his influential Cours d'analyse. He was born in Lyon and educated at the École polytechnique. He was an engineer by profession; later in life he taught at the École polytechnique and the Collège de France, where he had a reputation for eccentric choices of notation.

He is remembered now by name in a number of foundational results:

The Jordan curve theorem, a topological result required in complex analysis

The Jordan normal form and the Jordan matrix in linear algebra

In mathematical analysis, Jordan measure is an area measure that predates measure theory.

In group theory the Jordan-Hölder theorem on composition series is a basic result.

Jordan's theorem on finite linear groups

Jordan's work did much to bring Galois theory into the mainstream. He also investigated the Mathieu groups, the first examples of sporadic groups. His Traité des substitutions, on permutation groups, was published in 1870; this treatise won for Jordan the 1870 prix Poncelet.

The asteroid 25593 Camillejordan and Institute of Camille Jordan are named in his honour.

Citation

Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"Camille Jordan." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 11 May 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/camille_jordan>.


We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Born
Jan 5, 1838
Lyon
Also known as
  • Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan
Nationality
  • France
Profession
Education
  • École Polytechnique
Died
Jan 22, 1922
Paris

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Discuss this Camille Jordan biography with the community:

0 Comments


    Browse Biographies.net