Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Military Commander

1867 – 1951

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Who was Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim?

Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was a Finnish military leader and statesman. Mannerheim served as the military leader of the Whites in the Finnish Civil War, Regent of Finland, commander-in-chief of Finland's defence forces during World War II, Marshal of Finland, and the sixth president of Finland. In a Finnish survey 53 years after his death, Mannerheim was voted the greatest Finn of all time. Given the broad recognition in Finland and elsewhere of his unparalleled role in establishing and later preserving Finland's independence from Russia, Mannerheim has long been referred to as the father of modern Finland, and the Finnish capital Helsinki's Mannerheim Museum memorializing the leader's life and times has been called "the closest thing there is to a [Finnish] national shrine."

Mannerheim was born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire, into a family of Swedish-speaking aristocrats who had settled in Finland in the late 18th century. His paternal German ancestor Marhein had emigrated to Sweden during the 17th century. His maternal ancestry has its roots in Södermanland, Sweden.

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Born
Jun 4, 1867
Askainen
Also known as
  • Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Parents
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Lutheranism
Ethnicity
  • Swedish-speaking population of Finland
Nationality
  • Finland
Profession
Died
Jan 27, 1951
Lausanne
Resting place
Hietaniemi cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 7 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/carl_gustaf_emil_mannerheim>.

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