Eadweard Muybridge

Artist, Visual Artist

1830 – 1904

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Who was Eadweard Muybridge?

Eadweard James Muybridge was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion and in motion-picture projection. He adopted the name Eadweard Muybridge, believing it to be the original Anglo-Saxon form of his name.

He immigrated to the United States as a young man but remained obscure until 1868, when his large photographs of Yosemite Valley, California, made him world famous. Muybridge is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion in 1877 and 1878, which used multiple cameras to capture motion in stop-action photographs, and his zoopraxiscope, a device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip used in cinematography.

In his earlier years in San Francisco, Muybridge had become known for his landscape photography, particularly of the Yosemite Valley. He also photographed the Tlingit people in Alaska, and was commissioned by the United States Army to photograph the Modoc War in 1873. In 1874 he shot and killed Major Harry Larkyns, his wife's lover, and was acquitted in a jury trial on the grounds of justifiable homicide. He travelled for more than a year in Central America on a photographic expedition in 1875.

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Born
Apr 9, 1830
Kingston upon Thames
Also known as
  • Eadweard J Muybridge
  • Eadweard James Muybridge
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • United States of America
  • United Kingdom
Profession
Died
May 8, 1904
Kingston upon Thames

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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