Eugène Ionesco biography

Eugène Ionesco

Playwright, Author

1909 – 1994

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Who was Eugène Ionesco?

Eugène Ionesco was a Romanian playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre. Beyond ridiculing the most banal situations, Ionesco's plays depict in a tangible way the solitude and insignificance of human existence.

Famous Quotes:

  • No society has been able to abolish human sadness, no political system can deliver us from the pain of living, from our fear of death, our thirst for the absolute. It is the human condition that directs the social condition, not vice versa.
  • Beauty is a precious trace that eternity causes to appear to us and that it takes away from us. A manifestation of eternity, and a sign of death as well.
  • I believe that in the history of art and of thought there has always been at every living moment of culture a will to renewal. This is not the prerogative of the last decade only. All history is nothing but a succession of crises -- of rupture, repudiation and resistance. When there is no crisis, there is stagnation, petrifaction and death. All thought, all art is aggressive.
  • There is nothing truer than myth: history, in its attempt to realize myth, distorts it, stops halfway; when history claims to have succeeded, this is nothing but humbug and mystification. Everything we dream is realizable. Reality does not have to be: it is simply what it is.
  • Banality is a symptom of non-communication. Men hide behind their clichés.
  • There is no religion in which everyday life is not considered a prison; there is no philosophy or ideology that does not think that we live in alienation.
  • The universe seems to me infinitely strange and foreign. At such a moment I gaze upon it with a mixture of anguish and euphoria; separate from the universe, as though placed at a certain distance outside it; I look and I see pictures, creatures that move in a kind of timeless time and spaceless space, emitting sounds that are a kind of language I no longer understand or ever register.
  • Ideologies separate us. Dreams and anguish bring us together.
  • For me, it is as though at every moment the actual world had completely lost its actuality. As though there was nothing there; as though there were no foundations for anything or as though it escaped us. Only one thing, however, is vividly present: the constant tearing of the veil of appearances; the constant destruction of everything in construction. Nothing holds together, everything falls apart.
  • Since the death instinct exists in the heart of everything that lives, since we suffer from trying to repress it, since everything that lives longs for rest, let us unfasten the ties that bind us to life, let us cultivate our death wish, let us develop it, water it like a plant, let it grow unhindered. Suffering and fear are born from the repression of the death wish.

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"Eugène Ionesco." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 24 Feb. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/eugene_ionesco>.


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Born
Nov 26, 1909
Slatina
Also known as
  • Eugen Ionescu
  • Eugene Ionesco
  • Eugène Ionesco
  • Dr. Eugène Ionesco
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Romanians in France
Nationality
  • Romania
  • France
Profession
Education
  • Saint Sava National College
  • University of Bucharest
    French literature
    (1928 - 1933)
Lived in
  • Olt County
  • Paris
Died
Mar 28, 1994
Paris
Resting place
Montparnasse Cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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