H. Houston Merritt

Physician

1902 – 1979

8

Who was H. Houston Merritt?

H. Houston Merritt was one of the pre-eminent academic neurologists of his day. As the chair of the Neurological Institute of New York from 1948 to 1967, he oversaw the training of hundreds of neurologists; 35 of his former students have become chairs of academic neurology departments across the United States. He was also the dean of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons from 1958 to 1970.

His contributions to neurology were countless. Among the most important was the discovery of the anticonvulsant properties of phenytoin. The technique he used, along with Tracy Putnam, to identify this compound ushered in the modern era of drug therapy for epilepsy. He also was the sole author of the first five editions of Merritt's Neurology; this popular textbook is in its twelfth edition. His early work on the normal properties of the cerebrospinal fluid was updated and published by one of his students, Robert Fishman, in a text that is the acknowledged standard on the topic.

Merritt was also known in his day as an expert on neurosyphilis; his 1946 monograph on the topic provided an overview of this condition, which almost disappeared from the medical eye shortly thereafter owing to the advent of penicillin.

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Born
1902
Also known as
  • Dr. H. Houston Merritt
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Vanderbilt University
Died
1979

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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