Hadrian

Roman emperor, Military Commander

0076 – 0138

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Who was Hadrian?

Hadrian, was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He re-built the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. He is also known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. While he is regarded as one the Five Good Emperors, Chazalic literature contains critique regarding his foreign policies of Judaic religious tolerance.

Hadrian was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus to an ethnically Italian family, either in Italica near Seville or in Rome. His predecessor Trajan was a maternal cousin of Hadrian's father. Trajan never officially designated an heir, but according to his wife Pompeia Plotina, Trajan named Hadrian emperor immediately before his death. Trajan's wife and his friend Licinius Sura were well-disposed towards Hadrian, and he may well have owed his succession to them.

During his reign, Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He used his relationship with his Greek favorite Antinous to underline his philhellenism and led to the creation of one of the most popular cults of ancient times. He spent extensive amounts of his time with the military; he usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and even made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert.

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Born
Jan 24, 0076
Italica
Also known as
  • Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus
  • Caesar Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus Buccellanus Augustus
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Religion
  • Paganism
Nationality
  • Spain
Profession
Lived in
  • Rome
Died
Jul 10, 0138
Baiae
Resting place
Pozzuoli

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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