Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Physicist, Academic

1853 – 1926

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Who was Heike Kamerlingh Onnes?

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate. He pioneered refrigeration techniques and used these to explore how materials behave when cooled to nearly absolute zero. He was the first to liquefy helium. His production of extreme cryogenic temperatures led to his discovery of superconductivity in 1911: for certain materials, electrical resistance abruptly vanishes at very low temperatures.

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Born
Sep 21, 1853
Groningen
Nationality
  • Netherlands
Profession
Education
  • Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg
  • University of Groningen
Employment
  • Leiden University
Lived in
  • Netherlands
Died
Feb 21, 1926
Leiden

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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