Igor Stravinsky biography

Igor Stravinsky

Opera, Composer

1882 – 1971

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Who was Igor Stravinsky?

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky was a Russian, and later French and American composer, pianist and conductor. He is widely considered to be one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century.

Stravinsky's compositional career was notable for its stylistic diversity. He first achieved international fame with three ballets commissioned by the impresario Sergei Diaghilev and first performed in Paris by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes: The Firebird, Petrushka and The Rite of Spring. The last of these transformed the way in which subsequent composers thought about rhythmic structure and was largely responsible for Stravinsky's enduring reputation as a musical revolutionary who pushed the boundaries of musical design. His "Russian phase" was followed in the 1920s by a period in which he turned to neoclassical music. The works from this period tended to make use of traditional musical forms. They often paid tribute to the music of earlier masters, such as J.S. Bach and Tchaikovsky. In the 1950s, Stravinsky adopted serial procedures. His compositions of this period shared traits with examples of his earlier output: rhythmic energy, the construction of extended melodic ideas out of a few two- or three-note cells and clarity of form, of instrumentation and of utterance.

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Born
Jun 17, 1882
Oranienbaum
Also known as
  • Igor Stravinski
  • Igor Strawinsky
  • Igor Feodorovic Stravinsky
  • stravinski
  • Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский
  • Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky
  • Igor Strawinski
  • Стравинский, Игорь
  • Stravinksi
  • Stravinksy
Parents
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Russian American
  • Russian
Nationality
  • Russia
  • France
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Saint Petersburg State University
    (1901 - )
Lived in
  • West Hollywood
    (1941 - 1969)
  • Paris
    (1920 - 1921)
  • Saint Petersburg
    (1882/06/05 - 1915)
  • Paris
    (1934 - 1939)
  • New York City
    (1939 - 1941)
  • Biarritz
    (1921 - 1924)
  • New York City
    (1969 - 1971)
  • Morges District
    (1915 - 1920)
  • Nice
    (1924 - 1931)
  • Voreppe
    (1931 - 1934)
Died
Apr 6, 1971
New York City
Resting place
Isola di San Michele

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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