Ivan Mazepa

Statesman, Military Person

1639 – 1709

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Who was Ivan Mazepa?

Ivan Stepanovych Mazepa, Cossack Hetman of the Hetmanate in Left-bank Ukraine, from 1687–1708, the Prince of the Holy Roman Empire 1707-1709. He was famous as a patron of the arts, and also played an important role in the Battle of Poltava where after learning of Peter I's intent to relieve him as acting Hetman of Ukraine and replace him with Alexander Menshikov, he deserted his army and sided with Charles of Sweden. The politicization of this desertion has held a lasting legacy in both Russian and Ukrainian national history.

Because of this, the Russian Orthodox Church has laid an anathema on his name since the beginning of the 18th century and refuses to renounce to this day. Everyone who opposed the Russian government in eighteenth-century Ukraine were derogatorily referred to as Mazepintsy. The alienation of Mazepa from Ukrainian history continued during the Soviet period, but since Ukraine's independence there have been strong moves to rehabilitate Mazepa's image, although he remains a figure of mixed standing.

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Born
Mar 20, 1639
Bila Tserkva Raion
Also known as
  • Іван Мазепа
  • Калединський
  • Колединський
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Religion
  • Greek Orthodox Church
  • Russian Orthodox Church
  • Eastern Orthodox Church
Ethnicity
  • Ukrainians
Nationality
  • Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Profession
Education
  • Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Died
Sep 22, 1709
Bender, Moldova

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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