Jacob Dolson Cox

U.S. Congressperson

1828 – 1900

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Who was Jacob Dolson Cox?

Jacob Dolson Cox, was a lawyer, a Union Army general during the American Civil War, and later a Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 28th Governor of Ohio and as United States Secretary of the Interior. As Governor of Ohio, Cox sided with President Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction plan and was against African American suffrage. Secretary of Interior Cox implemented civil service reform into the Department of Interior. However, Cox was opposed by Republican Party managers. President Grant and Secretary Cox were at odds over the fraudulent McGarahan Claims and the Dominican Republic annexation treaty. Secretary Cox advocated a lasting, honest, and comprehensive Indian policy legislated by Congress after the Piegan Indian massacre. Cox resigned as Secretary of Interior having been unable to gain Grant's support over the fraudulent McGarrahan claims controversy. Although Cox was a reformer, Grant had believed Cox had overstepped his authority as Secretary of Interior and had underminded his authority as President. In 1876 Cox returned to politics and was elected to and served one term as United States Congressman of Ohio.

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Born
Oct 27, 1828
Montreal
Also known as
  • Jacob D. Cox
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • Canada
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Oberlin College
Lived in
  • Montreal
Died
Aug 4, 1900
Gloucester
Resting place
Spring Grove Cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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