J.E.B. Stuart

Military Officer, Military Person

1833 – 1864

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Who was J.E.B. Stuart?

James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart was a U.S. Army officer from Virginia and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image, his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert E. Lee's army and inspired Southern morale.

Stuart graduated from West Point in 1854 and served in Texas and Kansas with the U.S. Army, a veteran of the frontier conflicts with Native Americans and the violence of Bleeding Kansas. He participated in the capture of John Brown at Harpers Ferry. Resigning when his home state of Virginia seceded, he served first under Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley, but then in increasingly important cavalry commands of the Army of Northern Virginia, playing a role in all of that army's campaigns until his death. He established a reputation as an audacious cavalry commander and on two occasions circumnavigated the Union Army of the Potomac, bringing fame to himself and embarrassment to the North. At the Battle of Chancellorsville, he distinguished himself as a temporary commander of the wounded Stonewall Jackson's infantry corps.

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Born
Feb 6, 1833
Ararat
Also known as
  • Jeb Stuart
  • James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart
Spouses
Ethnicity
  • Scotch-Irish American
Nationality
  • United States of America
  • Confederate States of America
Profession
Education
  • United States Military Academy
  • Emory and Henry College
Lived in
  • Virginia
Died
May 12, 1864
Richmond
Resting place
Hollywood Cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"J.E.B. Stuart." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 4 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/jeb_stuart>.

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