João do Canto e Castro

Military Officer, Politician

1862 – 1934

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Who was João do Canto e Castro?

João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes, commonly known as João do Canto e Castro or just Canto e Castro was a Portuguese Navy officer and the fifth President of the Portuguese Republic from December 16, 1918 to October 5, 1919.

He was the son of José Ricardo da Costa da Silva Antunes and wife Maria da Conceição do Canto e Castro Mascarenhas Valdez.

In 1891 he married Mariana de Santo António Moreira Freire Correia Manoel Torres de Aboim, sister of the 1st Viscount da Idanha and niece of the 1st Viscount de Vila Boim, and had issue.

He occupied the post of Navy Minister, to which he had been appointed by Sidónio Pais, the President-King on September 9, 1918, and succeeded Pais after his murder on December 14, 1918.

During his rule there were two attempts to carry out a revolution. The first one, in Santarém, in December 1918, was led by the republicans Francisco da Cunha Leal and Álvaro Xavier de Castro. The second one was monarchic and was perpetrated in January 1919 and organized by Paiva Couceiro, who for some time managed to control the northern part of the country in what was called the Monarchy of the North. Although Canto e Castro was a monarchist, as President of the Republic he had to fight against a movement that defended his own ideals.

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Born
May 19, 1862
Lisbon
Also known as
  • Joao do Canto e Castro
Religion
  • History of the term "Catholic"
  • Catholicism
Profession
Died
Mar 14, 1934
Lisbon

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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