João do Canto e Castro

Military Officer, Politician

1862 – 1934


Who was João do Canto e Castro?

João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes, commonly known as João do Canto e Castro or just Canto e Castro was a Portuguese Navy officer and the fifth President of the Portuguese Republic from December 16, 1918 to October 5, 1919.

He was the son of José Ricardo da Costa da Silva Antunes and wife Maria da Conceição do Canto e Castro Mascarenhas Valdez.

In 1891 he married Mariana de Santo António Moreira Freire Correia Manoel Torres de Aboim, sister of the 1st Viscount da Idanha and niece of the 1st Viscount de Vila Boim, and had issue.

He occupied the post of Navy Minister, to which he had been appointed by Sidónio Pais, the President-King on September 9, 1918, and succeeded Pais after his murder on December 14, 1918.

During his rule there were two attempts to carry out a revolution. The first one, in Santarém, in December 1918, was led by the republicans Francisco da Cunha Leal and Álvaro Xavier de Castro. The second one was monarchic and was perpetrated in January 1919 and organized by Paiva Couceiro, who for some time managed to control the northern part of the country in what was called the Monarchy of the North. Although Canto e Castro was a monarchist, as President of the Republic he had to fight against a movement that defended his own ideals.

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May 19, 1862
Also known as
  • Joao do Canto e Castro
  • History of the term "Catholic"
  • Catholicism
Mar 14, 1934

on July 23, 2013


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