Joseph Stalin biography

Joseph Stalin

Military Commander

1878 – 1953

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Who was Joseph Stalin?

Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin was the de facto leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolution of 1917, Stalin was appointed General Secretary of the party's Central Committee in 1922. He subsequently managed to consolidate power following the 1924 death of Vladimir Lenin through expanding the functions of his role, all the while eliminating any opposition. He held this nominal post until abolishing it in 1952, concurrently serving as the Premier of the Soviet Union after establishing the position in 1941.

Under Joseph Stalin's rule, the concept of "socialism in one country" became a central tenet of Soviet society. He replaced the New Economic Policy introduced by Lenin in the early 1920s with a highly centralised command economy, launching a period of industrialization and collectivization that resulted in the rapid transformation of the USSR from an agrarian society into an industrial power. However, the economic changes coincided with the imprisonment of millions of people in Soviet correctional labour camps and the deportation of many others to remote areas. The initial upheaval in agriculture disrupted food production and contributed to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, known as the Holodomor in Ukraine. Later, in a period that lasted from 1936–39, Stalin instituted a campaign against alleged enemies of his regime called the Great Purge, in which hundreds of thousands were executed. Major figures in the Communist Party, such as the old Bolsheviks, Leon Trotsky, and several Red Army leaders were killed after being convicted of plotting to overthrow the government and Stalin.

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Born
Dec 18, 1878
Gori
Also known as
  • Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin
  • Stalin
  • Kremlin Highlander
  • Vozhd
  • Soso
  • Uncle Joe
  • Man of Steel
  • Dear father
  • The Red Tsar
  • K. Stalin
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Atheism
Ethnicity
  • Ossetians
  • Georgians
Nationality
  • Soviet Union
Profession
Education
  • Gori Church School
    (1888/09 - 1894/07)
  • Seminary of Tiflis
    (1894/09 - )
Employment
  • Tiflis Meteorological Observatory
Lived in
  • Novaya Uda
  • Baku
  • Solvychegodsk
  • Narym
  • Turukhansk
  • Saint Petersburg
Died
Mar 5, 1953
Kuntsevo Dacha
Resting place
Kremlin Wall Necropolis

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Joseph Stalin." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 26 Jul 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/joseph_stalin>.

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