Leonid Kuchma

Politician

1938 –

Who is Leonid Kuchma?

Leonid Danylovych Kuchma was the second President of independent Ukraine from 19 July 1994 to 23 January 2005. Kuchma took office after winning the 1994 presidential election against his rival, incumbent Leonid Kravchuk. Kuchma won re-election for an additional five-year term in 1999.

His presidency was surrounded by numerous corruption scandals and the lessening of media freedoms. Corruption accelerated after Kuchma's election in 1994, but in 2000–2001, his power began to weaken in the face of exposures in the media.

On his watch the Ukrainian economy continued to decline until 1999, whereas growth was recorded since 2000, bringing relative prosperity to some segments of urban residents. During his presidency, Ukrainian-Russian ties began to improve.

After a successful career in the machine-building industry of the Soviet Union, Kuchma began his political career in 1990, when he was elected to the Verkhovna Rada; he was re-elected in 1994. He served as Ukrainian Prime Minister between October 1992 and September 1993.

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Born
Aug 9, 1938
Chaikyne
Also known as
  • Leonid Danylovych Kuchma
Parents
  • Danylo Prokopovych Kuchma
  • Paraska Trokhymivna Kuchma
Spouses
  • Ludmila Kuchma
Children
  • Olena Pinchuk
Nationality
  • Ukraine
Profession
Education
  • Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
Lived in
  • Dnipropetrovsk