Niels Henrik David Bohr

Physicist, Academic

1885 – 1962

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Who was Niels Henrik David Bohr?

Niels Henrik David Bohr was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr was also a philosopher and a promoter of scientific research.

Bohr developed the Bohr model of the atom, in which he proposed that energy levels of electrons are discrete, and that the electrons revolve in stable orbits around the atomic nucleus, but can jump from one energy level to another. Although the Bohr model has been supplanted by other models, its underlying principles remain valid. He conceived the principle of complementarity: that items could be separately analysed in terms of contradictory properties, like behaving as a wave or a stream of particles. The notion of complementarity dominated Bohr's thinking on both science and philosophy.

Bohr founded the Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen, now known as the Niels Bohr Institute, which opened in 1920. Bohr mentored and collaborated with physicists including Hans Kramers, Oskar Klein, George de Hevesy and Werner Heisenberg. He predicted the existence of a new zirconium-like element, which was named hafnium, after the Latin name for Copenhagen, where it was discovered. Later, the element bohrium was named after him.

Famous Quotes:

  • No, no, you're not thinking; you're just being logical.

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Born
Oct 7, 1885
Copenhagen
Also known as
  • Niels Bohr
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Danes
  • Jewish people
Nationality
  • Denmark
Profession
Education
  • PhD, University of Copenhagen
    Physics
    ( - 1911)
  • Master of Arts, University of Copenhagen
    Physics
    ( - 1909)
  • Gammelholm Grammar School
    ( - 1903)
  • Bachelor's degree, University of Copenhagen
    Physics
    (1903 - )
Employment
  • University of Copenhagen
Lived in
  • Copenhagen
  • Denmark
Died
Nov 18, 1962
Copenhagen
Resting place
Assistens Cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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"Niels Henrik David Bohr." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 28 Jan. 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/niels_bohr>.

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