Olof Rudbeck the Younger

Botanist, Author

1660 – 1740


Who was Olof Rudbeck the Younger?

Olaus Rudbeckius, junior or Olof Rudbeck is a Swedish explorer, scientist, and the son of Olaus Rudbeck Sr, Rudbeck Jr. He succeeded his father as professor of medicine at Uppsala University. Serving aside Lars Roberg, he specialized in anatomy, botany, zoology, and pharmacology, while Roberg gave lectures in medicine, surgery, physiology, and chemistry.

Young Rudbeck was an able botanist and ornithologist who took his doctor's degree in Utrecht in 1690. He traveled to Lapland in 1695, joining an expedition commissioned by the King, for which his mission was to study nature, the mountains in particular. He returned with an album of beautifully colored pictures of birds, flowers and scenery, for which he is best remembered.

At the beginning of the eighteenth century, Rudbeck Jr. turned his attention away from nature studies to speculation about the relationship between Sami and Hebrew languages. To honor his accomplishments he was ennobled in 1719 by Queen Ulrika Eleanora as a "naturalized nobleman". His student, the botanist Carl Linnaeus, named a genus of flowers Rudbeckia in honor of him and his father.

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Mar 15, 1660
Also known as
  • Рудбек, Улоф
  • Sweden
Mar 23, 1740

on July 23, 2013


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