Richard Montgomery

Military Commander

1738 – 1775

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Who was Richard Montgomery?

Richard Montgomery was an Irish-born soldier who first served in the British Army. He later became a Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and he is most famous for leading the failed 1775 invasion of Canada.

Montgomery was born and raised in Ireland. In 1754, he enrolled at Trinity College, Dublin, and two years later joined the British Army to fight in the French and Indian War. He steadily rose through the ranks, serving in North America and then the Caribbean. After the war he was stationed at Fort Detroit during Pontiac's War, following which he returned to Britain for health reasons. In 1773, Montgomery returned to the Thirteen Colonies, married Janet Livingston, and began farming.

When the American Revolutionary War broke out, Montgomery took up the Patriot cause, and was elected to the New York Provincial Congress in May 1775. In June 1775, he was commissioned as a Brigadier General in the Continental Army. After Phillip Schuyler became too ill to lead the invasion of Canada, Montgomery took over. He captured Fort St.

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Born
Dec 2, 1738
Swords, Dublin
Also known as
  • Монтгомери, Ричард
  • 理查德·蒙哥马利
Parents
Siblings
Ethnicity
  • Scottish people
Nationality
  • Kingdom of Ireland
  • Kingdom of Great Britain
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Trinity College, Dublin
Lived in
  • County Dublin
Died
Dec 31, 1775
Quebec City
Resting place
St. Paul's Chapel

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Richard Montgomery." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 24 Jan. 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/richard_montgomery>.

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