C. P. Ramaswami Iyer
1879 – 1966
Who was C. P. Ramaswami Iyer?
Sachivottama Sir Chetpat Pattabhirama Ramaswami Iyer, KCSI, KCIE, also called "C. P.", was an Indian lawyer, administrator and politician who served as the Advocate-General of Madras Presidency from 1920 to 1923, Law member of the Executive council of the Governor of Madras from 1923 to 1928, Law member of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India from 1931 to 1936 and the Diwan of Travancore from 1936 to 1947.
Ramaswami Iyer was born in 1879 in Madras city and studied at Wesley College High School and Presidency College, Madras before qualifying as a lawyer from the Madras Law College. He practised as a lawyer in Madras and succeeded S. Srinivasa Iyengar as the Advocate-General of the Madras Presidency. He subsequently served as the Law member of the Governor of Madras and the Viceroy of India before being appointed Diwan of Travancore in 1936.
Ramaswami Iyer served as Diwan from 1936 to 1947 and is credited with having introduced social and administrative reforms as the Temple Entry Proclamation, abolition of capital punishment, universal adult franchise and the midday meal scheme in Travancore state. He is also credited with the establishment of numerous hydro-electric power projects, the creation of Kerala University, and the establishment of Travancore Bank, which eventually became State Bank of Travancore.
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- Nov 12, 1879
- Also known as
- Dr. C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar
- Chetpat Pattabhirama Ramaswami Aiyar
- Tamil Brahmin
- Presidency College, Chennai
- Sep 26, 1966
on July 23, 2013
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