C. P. Ramaswami Iyer

Statesman, Politician

1879 – 1966

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Who was C. P. Ramaswami Iyer?

Sachivottama Sir Chetpat Pattabhirama Ramaswami Iyer, KCSI, KCIE, also called "C. P.", was an Indian lawyer, administrator and politician who served as the Advocate-General of Madras Presidency from 1920 to 1923, Law member of the Executive council of the Governor of Madras from 1923 to 1928, Law member of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India from 1931 to 1936 and the Diwan of Travancore from 1936 to 1947.

Ramaswami Iyer was born in 1879 in Madras city and studied at Wesley College High School and Presidency College, Madras before qualifying as a lawyer from the Madras Law College. He practised as a lawyer in Madras and succeeded S. Srinivasa Iyengar as the Advocate-General of the Madras Presidency. He subsequently served as the Law member of the Governor of Madras and the Viceroy of India before being appointed Diwan of Travancore in 1936.

Ramaswami Iyer served as Diwan from 1936 to 1947 and is credited with having introduced social and administrative reforms as the Temple Entry Proclamation, abolition of capital punishment, universal adult franchise and the midday meal scheme in Travancore state. He is also credited with the establishment of numerous hydro-electric power projects, the creation of Kerala University, and the establishment of Travancore Bank, which eventually became State Bank of Travancore.

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Born
Nov 12, 1879
Vandavasi
Also known as
  • Dr. C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar
  • Chetpat Pattabhirama Ramaswami Aiyar
Children
Religion
  • Hinduism
Ethnicity
  • Iyer
  • Vadama
  • Tamil Brahmin
Nationality
  • India
Profession
Education
  • Presidency College, Chennai
Died
Sep 26, 1966
Chennai

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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