Steve Biko

Politician

1946 – 1977

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Who was Steve Biko?

Stephen Bantu Biko was an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and 1970s.

A student leader, he later founded the Black Consciousness Movement which would empower and mobilize much of the urban black population. Since his death in police custody, he has been called a martyr of the anti-apartheid movement. While living, his writings and activism attempted to empower black people, and he was famous for his slogan "black is beautiful", which he described as meaning: "man, you are okay as you are, begin to look upon yourself as a human being".

Even though Biko was never a member of African National Congress, ANC has included him in the pantheon of struggle heroes, going as far as using his image for campaign posters in South Africa's first non-racial elections in 1994. Nelson Mandela said of Biko: "They had to kill him to prolong the life of apartheid."

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Born
Dec 18, 1946
King William's Town, Eastern Cape
Also known as
  • Stephen Biko
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Xhosa people
Nationality
  • South Africa
Profession
Education
  • University of Natal
  • St. Francis College, Natal
    ( - 1966)
Died
Sep 12, 1977
Pretoria

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Steve Biko." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 22 Jun 2024. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/steve_biko>.

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