Upendranath Brahmachari

Physician, Academic

1873 – 1946

50

Who was Upendranath Brahmachari?

Rai Bahadur Sir Upendranath Brahmachari was an Indian scientist and a leading medical practitioner of his time. He synthesized Urea Stibamine in 1922 and determined that it was an effective substitute for the other antimony-containing compounds in the treatment of Kala-azar which is caused by a protozoon, Leishmania donovani.

His discovery led to the saving of millions of lives in India, particularly in the erstwhile province of Assam, where several villages were completely depopulated by the devastating disease. The achievement of Brahmachari was a milestone in successful application of science in medical treatment in the years before arrival of antibiotics, when there were few specific drugs, except quinine for malaria, iron for anaemia, digitalis for heart diseases and arsenic for syphilis. All other ailments were treated symptomatically by palliative methods. Urea Stibamine was thus a significant addition to the arsenal of specific medicines.

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Born
Dec 19, 1873
Jamalpur
Also known as
  • Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari
Religion
  • Hinduism
Nationality
  • India
Profession
Education
  • University of Calcutta
  • Presidency College, Kolkata
Lived in
  • Kolkata
Died
Feb 6, 1946

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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