Ion Creangă

Politician, Author

1837 – 1889

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Who was Ion Creangă?

Ion Creangă was a Moldavian-born Romanian writer, raconteur and schoolteacher. A main figure in 19th century Romanian literature, he is best known for his Childhood Memories volume, his novellas and short stories, and his many anecdotes. Creangă's main contribution to fantasy and children's literature includes narratives structured around eponymous protagonists, as well as fairy tales indebted to conventional forms. Widely seen as masterpieces of the Romanian language and local humor, his writings occupy the middle ground between a collection of folkloric sources and an original contribution to a literary realism of rural inspiration. They are accompanied by a set of contributions to erotic literature, collectively known as his "corrosives".

A defrocked Romanian Orthodox priest with an unconventional lifestyle, Creangă made an early impact as an innovative educator and textbook author, while pursuing a short career in nationalist politics with the Fracțiunea liberă și independentă group. His literary debut came late in life, closely following the start of his close friendship with Romania's national poet Mihai Eminescu and their common affiliation with the influential conservative literary society Junimea. Although viewed with reserve by many of his colleagues there, and primarily appreciated for his records of oral tradition, Creangă helped propagate the group's cultural guidelines in an accessible form. Later criticism has often described him, alongside Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale and Ioan Slavici, as one of the most accomplished representatives of Junimist literature.

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Born
Mar 1, 1837
Humuleşti
Also known as
  • Ion Creanga
  • Nică al lui Ştefan a Petrei
  • Ion Torcălău
  • Ioan Ştefănescu
  • Popa Smântână
  • Ioan Vântură-Ţară
Parents
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • Romania
  • Moldova
  • Moldavia
Profession
Lived in
  • Neamț County
Died
Dec 31, 1889
Iași

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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